The Physical Environment
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The Physical Environment

Chapter 1: Essentials of Geography

Chapter 2: The Earth System

Chapter 3: The Atmosphere

Chapter 4: Energy and Radiation

Chapter 5: Atmospheric Temperature

Chapter 6: Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation

Chapter 7: Atmospheric Moisture

Chapter 8: Weather Systems

Chapter 9: Climate Systems

Chapter 10The Hydrosphere

Chapter 11: Soil Systems

Chapter 12: Biogeography of the Earth

Chapter 13: Earth Biomes

  • Focus on The Physical Environment:
    In Development
  • Connections: "Monitoring Monarchs" NPR (2013) Talk of the Nationreport on how habitat loss in Mexico and Miklweed decline in US spells diaster for Monarch butterflies.
  • How To: In development
  • World of Change: Amazon Deforestation
  • Review & Resources  

Chapter 14: Earth Materials and Structure

Chapter 15: Tectonics and Landforms

Chapter 16: Volcanic Processes and Landforms


Chapter 17: Weathering, Erosion, and Mass

Chapter 18 Fluvial Systems  

Chapter 19: Glacial Systems  

Chapter 20: Eolian Systems

Chapter 21: Ocean and Coastal Systems

References & Media Credits


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For Citation: Ritter, Michael E. The Physical Environment: an Introduction to Physical Geography.
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Lisa Pitts (

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