The Physical Environment

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References & Media Credits

Essentials of Geography

  • Hidore, J.J (1974) Physical Geography: Earth Systems, Scott Foresman. Glenview
  • Scott, R. C (1996) Introduction to Physical Geography, West Publishing. St. Paul
  • Christopherson, R.W. (2005) Geosystems: An Introduction to Physical Geography. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, NJ
  • National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Coordination Office.  The Global Positioning System
  • Parl, B. (1967) Basic Statistics. Double Day, New York. 364p.
  • Goodman, A Introduction to Data Analysis and Collection", http://www.deakin.edu.au/~agoodman/sci101/chap10.php

Earth Systems

  • Drew, D. (1983) Man-Environment Processes. Allen & Unwin. London
  • Allison, I. et. al. (2009) The Copenhagen Diagnosis. The University of New South Wales Climate Change Research Centre., Sydney, Australia, 60 pp.
  • Rouse, W. R. (1979) "Man-modified Climates" in Gregory, K.J. and Walling, D.E.  Man and Environmental Processes. Westview Press: Boulder 276 p.

 The Atmosphere

Radiation and Energy 

  • Oke, T.R. (1987) Boundary Layer Climates, Methuen. London, 435 p.
  • Sellers, W. D. (1965) Physical Climatology. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, 272 p.

 Atmospheric Temperature

 Atmospheric Circulation

 Atmospheric Moisture

  • Neiburger, M, Edinger J.G., and Bonner, W.D. (1982) Understanding Our Atmospheric Environment, W.H. Freeman & Company. San Francisco, 453 pages.

Weather Systems

  • Barry, R. G. & Chorley, R.J. (1976) Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate, Methuen, London. 432 p.

  • Rahmstorf, S., M. Mann, R. Benestad, G. Schmidt, W. Connolley. (2005) "Hurricanes and Global Warming - Is There a Connection?" RealClimate. http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2005/09/hurricanes-and-global-warming/ Last visited 9/15/09
  • IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution  of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Solomon, S. D.QIn, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, L.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.) Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom and New York, USA
  • M.E. Mann and Krump, L.R. (2008) Dire Predictions. DK Publishing. New York. p. 103
  • "Global Warming Likely To Increase Stormy Weather, Especially In Certain US locations" ScienceDaily (2007) http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/12/071204121949.htm Last Visited 9/15/09
  • "Tornado threat increases as Gulf hurricanes get larger." ScienceDaily (2009) http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090908103625.htm Last Visited 9/15/09

Climate Systems

  • Critchfield, H.J. (1983) General Climatology. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 453 p.
  • Rincon, P. (2005, Feb. 17) "Greenhouse gases 'do warm oceans'" BBC News (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4275729.stm) Last visited 2/25/05
  • Rumney, G.R. (1968) Climatology and the World's Climate, McMillan, 656 p.
  • IPCC (2001)Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis.Exit EPA Disclaimer  Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C.A. Johnson (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 881pp.
  • McMullen, C.P. and J. Jabbour, J.(2009) Climate Change Science Compendium. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, EarthPrint.
  • Bates, B.C. , Z.W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu and J.P. Palutikof, Ed. (2008) Climate Change and Water. Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, 210 pp. UNEP 202 pages.


The Hydrosphere


Biogeography of the Earth

Soil Systems

  • Marsh, W. (1984Earthscape: A Physical Geography, Wiley
  • Selby, M.J. (1985) Earth's Changing Surface. Clarendon Press, Oxford, England.

Earth Materials and Structure

  • Lemke, K.A., Ritter, M.E., Heywood, N (2003) The Physical Environment Lab Manual, UWSP.

Tectonics and Landforms

Volcanic Processes and Landforms

 Weathering, Erosion,  and Mass Movement

  • Thornbury, W.D. (1969) Principles of Geomorphology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 594 pages.

Fluvial Processes and Landforms

  • Strandberg, C. H (1967) Aerial Discovery Manual. John Wiley & Sons, New York.  
    249 pages.
  • Selby, M.J. (1985) Earth's Changing Surface. Clarendon Press, Oxford, England.
    607 pages.
  • Ritter, D.F. (1986) Process Geomorphology 2e. Wm. C. Brown, Dubuque, Iowa. 579 pages.

Glacial Systems

Eolian Systems


Ocean and Coastal Systems

Media References 

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For Citation: Ritter, Michael E. The Physical Environment: an Introduction to Physical Geography.
Date visited.  http://www.earthonlinemedia.com/ebooks/tpe_3e/title_page.html

© 2003 - 2012 Michael Ritter (tpeauthor@mac.com)
Last revised 6/24/11