The Physical Environment
                                                   Contents | Glossary | Atlas |  Index | TPE Today | Google Earth | Search

Chapter 9
Climate Systems

Climate systems title page graphic


The climate of Earth is a mosaic of temperature and moisture patterns that affect the distribution of plants and animals and shapes the Earth's surface. Much is known about the present climate patterns of the Earth, yet our understanding of the cause of these distributions and change that occurs over time is ever unfolding. Not only do geoscientists like climatologists seek to unravel the interactions between natural phenomena that determine climate, but also seek to understand how human activity determines our climate. 

Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the chapter you should be able to:

  • Explain the difference between weather and climate.
  • Compare and contrast empirical, genetic and applied classification systems.
  • Describe the major climate classes (A,B,C,D,E) of the Koeppen system of climate classification.
  • List and describe the elements of climate.
  • Describe the characteristics of global climates and locate them on a world map.

See if you are prepared for this chapter by Getting Ready for Chapter 9: Climate Systems.

You may view a list of chapter topics by clicking the "Topic Outline" link or go directly to the first topic by clicking "Continue".

Previous | Topic Outline | Continue    

Contents |Glossary | Atlas Index  |  Blog | Podcast | Google Earth | Search Updates | Top of page

About TPE | Who's Used TPE |  Podcast

Please contact the author for inquiries, permissions, corrections or other feedback.

For Citation: Ritter, Michael E. The Physical Environment: an Introduction to Physical Geography.
Date visited.  ../title_page.html

Michael Ritter (

Help keep this site available by donating through PayPal.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..